This information is current as of November 24th 2020.
Can Covid-19 be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy?
There is currently SOME evidence that women can infect their babies with Covid-19 while pregnant or through giving birth to them.
In a large study from the UK, of the babies born to infected women, 5% tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Half of those positive tests were taken immediately after birth suggesting infection occurred during pregnancy.
SO FAR IT SEEMS THAT THE RISK TO A FETUS DURING A PREGNANCY IN WHICH THE MOTHER IS INFECTED IN THE 3RD TRIMESTER IS SMALL*
Can Covid-19 cause infertility?
Studies have not been done to see if having COVID-19 could make it harder to get pregnant.
Can Covid-19 cause male infertility?
A report published online that suggested the novel coronavirus – Covid19 may lead to male #infertility has now been removed. There is NO EVIDENCE currently that Covid-19 infection leads to male #fertility problems.
The report was based on a THEORY which has NOT been proven or even studied.
The THEORY is based on the fact that a receptor that is used by Covid-19 to enter the cells called #ACE2 is also found in the testes.
A report from China tested the semen of men who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. some of the men were very sick but others had minimal symptoms. Some of the men’s semen tested positive for SARS-CoV-2.
The report did not specify what type of test was done on the semen. We do not know if there was complete virus or fragments of virus. We do not know if this means that Covid-19 can be transmitted by semen
If I contract Covid-19 while I am pregnant, would my illness be more severe?
There is some evidence, that pregnant women who contract Covid-19 are at risk for becoming more ill than others.
A recent data analysis from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) COVID-19 surveillance identified over 400,000 women with Covid-19. The findings showed that compared to non-pregnant women, pregnant women have
- A 3 fold increased risk of ICU admission (10.5 per 1000 of pregnant vs 3.9 per 1000 non-pregnant women)
- A 3 fold increased risk for needing mechanical intubation (2.9 versus 1.1 per 1,000 cases)
- A 70% higher chance of dying (1.5 versus 1.2 per 1,000 cases)
- Irrespective of pregnancy status, ICU admissions, receipt of invasive ventilation, and death occurred more often among women aged 35–44 years than among those aged 15–24 years
- Black and Hispanic women were more likely to be affected
Does infection with Covid-19 increase my risk for miscarriage?
A small study did NOT find that 1st trimester miscarriage was more common in women who were infected with SAR-CoV-2
The study was performed in Italy. Researchers identified 100 women who miscarried in the first trimester and compared them to a similar group of 125 women who did not have a miscarriage.
The percentage of women who tested positive for Covid was the same in each group.
Although this was a small study, these initial results are reassuring
Does infection with Covid-19 increase my risk for other pregnancy complications?
Preterm delivery appears to be more common when the mother is diagnosed with Covid-19 during the 2nd or 3rd trimester. A CDC study of 3,912 live births with known gestational age, 12.9% were preterm (<37 weeks), higher than the reported 10.2% among the general U.S. population in 2019.
Other respiratory viral infections during pregnancy, such as influenza, have been associated with adverse outcomes, including low birth weight and preterm birth.